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Ukr. Bioorg. Acta 2021, Vol. 16, N2, 29-37.

Cytisine derivatives as new anti-Escherichia coli agents: in silico and in vitro studies

Diana M. Hodyna1, Vasyl V. Kovalishyn1, Volodymyr M. Blagodatnyi1,
Svitlana P. Bondarenko
2, Galyna P. Mrug1, Mykhaylo S. Frasinyuk1, Larysa O. Metelytsia1*

1 V.P. Kukhar Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry of the NAS of Ukraine, 1 Murmanska St., Kyiv, 02094, Ukraine
e-mail: larisametelitsa@gmail.com
2 National University of Food Technologies, 68 Volodymyrska St., Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine

QSAR analysis of a 5143 compounds set of previously synthesized compounds tested against multi-drug resistant (MDR) clinical isolate Escherichia coli strains was done by using Online Chemical Modeling Environment (OCHEM).The predictive ability of the regression models was tested through cross-validation, giving coefficient of determination q
2=0.72-0.8. The validation of the models using an external test set proved that the models can be used to predict the activity of newly designed compounds with reasonable accuracy within the applicability domain (q2=0.74-0.8). The models were applied to screen a virtual chemical library of cytisine derivatives, which was designed to have antibacterial activity. The QSAR modeling results allowed to identify a number of cytisine derivatives as effective antibacterial agents against antibiotic-resistant E. coli strains. Seven compounds were selected for synthesis and biological testing. In vitro investigation of the selected cytisine derivatives have shown that all studied compounds are potential antibacterial agents against MDR E. coli strains.

cytisine derivatives, QSAR, Escherichia coli, antibacterial activity

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